Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a union territory in Western India. It is composed of two separate geographical entities: Nagar Haveli, wedged between Maharashtra and Gujarat, and, 1 km to the northwest, the smaller enclave of Dadra, which is surrounded by Gujarat. Silvassa is the capital of Dadar and Nagar Haveli.
It has immense natural beauty. The lush green forests, meandering rivers, distant mountain ranges and a magnificent kaleidoscope of flora and fauna are the most intriguing aspects about this union territory.
The history of Dadra and Nagar Haveli begins with the defeat of the Koli chieftains of the region by the invading Rajput kings. In the year 1262 a Rajput prince from Rajasthan named Ramsinh established himself as the ruler of Ramnagar, the present-day Dharampur, which consisted of 8 parganas and assumed the title Maharana. Nagar Haveli was one of the parganas, and its capital was Silvassa.During the time of Dharamdeo, the son of Ramdeo, due to his change of policies, the Marathas captured Nagar Haveli and the surrounding region.
The Portuguese occupied Nagar Haveli on 10 June 1783 on the basis of Friendship Treaty executed on 17 December 1779 as compensation towards damage to the Portuguese frigate Santana by Maratha Navy in 1772. The treaty allowed the Portuguese to collect revenue from 72 villages in Nagar Haveli. Then, in 1785 the Portuguese purchased Dadra.The Portuguese rule lasted until 1954, when Dadra and Nagar Haveli were captured by supporters of the Indian Union.
In the morning of 2 August 1954, the liberators reached the town of Silvassa to find it free of any Portuguese occupation. The liberation of Dadra and Nagar Haveli was complete. Senhor Luis de Gama, the eldest nationalist hoisted the Indian National Flag and declared the territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli liberated and the Indian National Anthem was sung.
On 31 December 1974 a treaty was signed between India and Portugal on recognition of India's sovereignty over Goa, Daman, Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
Language And Culture
The official language of Dadra and Nagar Haveli is Gujarati, but there are many other languages that can be heard in this Union Territory. Some of the other language that are widely spoken by the people here are Marathi, Hindi, Bildoli or Bhili and Konkani. People are also well-versed with English too.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli has a varying culture for it is inhabited by a number of tribal communities, but however Hinduism is the major religion practiced here with cosiderable amount of followers for Christianity and Islam. Each community has its own distinct rituals and customs with different culture and tradition strictly adhered by the group. The tribes in Dadra and Nagar Haveli have their own traditional festivals, which are distinct from other festivas.
2.Tribal Cultural Museum
How to Reach
Mumbai Airport is the closest major airport to Dadra and Nagar Haveli. From Mumbai, one can travel up to Silvassa by road. It is about 3 hours away from Silvassa by road. Silvassa almost touches the highway so it is a convenient road route.
The nearest railway station to reach Dadra and Nagar Haveli is Vapi and Bhilad on the western railway, Mumbai-Ahmedabad route.
To travel to Silvassa by road, one has to follow the Mumbai-Vadodara-Delhi National Highway No.. The capital city of Silvassa is very well connected to the major cities of India. Regular Buses from Mumbai, Surat, Ahmedabad, Nasik, fly to Silvassa daily.